Marijuana, just like most other plants, can grow in whatever type of environment. However, if you want to improve the quality of your buds and increase harvest. Learning the different tips and tricks for cultivating pot is necessary whether you decide to grow the plants indoors, outdoors, or in a greenhouse using hydroponic nutrients or soil as a growing medium. See effective cultivation techniques for cannabis growers from here.
Effective Cultivation Techniques for Cannabis Growers
For some people, growing marijuana may seem like a very easy task. But for many, it’s still an elusive and often misunderstood undertaking. That’s why we’ve compiled some tips to help cannabis growers improve the quality of their yield and increase harvest. Let’s delve right in:
1. Choose the Right Seeds or Clones
No matter how skilled you are at cultivating cannabis, you simply can’t grow the perfect cannabis from inferior strains. Even with every other thing dialed incorrectly; you’ll find your biggest problem is the potential yield of the seeds you’ve chosen. You should always source your seeds from reputable vendors to ensure you get the best variety. If you find yourself growing plants that don’t live up to your quality, don’t hesitate to root them out in favor of good quality strains.
2. Feed Sparingly
Overfeeding is a common mistake among most marijuana growers. Nutrient companies tend to recommend high levels of marijuana feed (obviously hoping that you’ll empty the feed quickly and buy more). Burnt tips on the leaves of the marijuana plant are a sure sign of overfeeding. Err on caution and feed half the recommended amounts, unless you see symptoms of deficiency (such as yellowing of leaves). You can always increase nutrient levels, but it’s much harder to reduce them after overfeeding. The less you feed your plants, the less you’ll need to flush out unnecessary nutrients towards harvest, and the better your finished buds will be.
3. Regulate the Environment
Humidity and temperature must be kept within proper limits at all times. A good rule of thumb when it comes to temperature is to never exceed 80 degrees or go below 60. Relative humidity should be maintained between 40 to 50 percent, although this greatly varies according to the plant’s growth stage- young plants can handle relative humidity of between 60 to 70 percent, but this should come down to about 30 percent as the plants approach harvest. Remember that heat and moisture at canopy level can be different from the readings at other areas in the room. Monitor these factors at the plant surface to ensure they are productive. Use humidifiers, heaters and air conditioners accordingly.
4. Control pH
pH is the extent of the acidity or alkalinity of soil on a scale of 1 to 14, with one being the most acidic, 14 being the most alkaline and 7 being neutral. Hydroponically grown cannabis plants should be kept between a pH of 5.4 and 6.1, while soil grown plants should be maintained at a pH level of 6.0 and 6.9. When pH is not kept within acceptable levels, certain nutrients become unavailable to the plant. This leads to a deficiency which greatly affects the end product. Use a pH monitor and adjust the pH levels up or down as necessary.
5. Flush out Excess Minerals
Over time, minerals and salts build up inside the roots no matter how sparingly you feed nutrients to the plants. For the last two weeks of flowering, use plain water to water your plants in order to flush out any excess nutrients that may affect the taste and quality of the finished buds. Well- flushed marijuana burns clearly, and produces white ash, while unlashed marijuana burns dark, and resembles dark charcoal that requires constant relighting. Water the plants until water flows out at the bottom of the grow pots. Don’t worry if you see some slight yellowing of the leaves. This means you’re effectively reducing any unnecessary nutrients trapped within the cells.
6. Cure the Buds
After hanging your flowers to dry, it’s important to cure them in glass jars to slowly remove any remaining moisture and reduce the smell and taste of chlorophyll. When marijuana is adequately cured, the finished product gains depth in scent and flavor. As soon as the branches dry up perfectly, place the buds into sealed glass jars and store them in a cool dark place. Heat and light quickly degrade the cannabinoids and flavonoids. Open the glass jars daily to release moisture and replenish fresh air. After a few weeks, your buds will be perfectly ready to smoke.
Knowing the basics of cultivating marijuana will help cannabis growers obtain a good and abundant harvest of high-quality buds. By following the tips in this guide, combined with your attention to detail and willingness to learn, you’re now in a better position to begin your marijuana cultivation business.